Recovering from USB device driver is still in memory / USB Composite Device has error (Code 38)

Something you don’t often think about is how many devices you plug into your computer …….. until you plug-in a device and it doesn’t show up or interact as expected. This post details how I recovered from such a situation so I can find it next time, and hopefully it also helps others recover quickly, rather than the numerous dead-ends I went through to fix the problem.… keep reading

Enrolling and using both Microsoft Authenticator and a YubiKey Physical Token with Azure MFA

Microsoft have just announced the Public Preview for Hardware OATH Tokens such as the Yubico YubiKey with Azure MFA. In this very long and graphic heavy post I show the end-to-end setup and use of a YubiKey physical token from Yubico as a Multi-Factor Authentication (MFA) second factor authentication method to Azure AD/Office 365.… keep reading

Validating a Yubico YubiKeys’ One Time Password (OTP) using Single Factor Authentication and PowerShell

Multi-factor Authentication comes in many different formats. Physical tokens historically have been very common and moving forward with FIDO v2 standards will likely continue to be so for many security scenarios where soft tokens (think Authenticator Apps on mobile devices) aren’t possible.… keep reading