x.509 Details – A PowerShell Module for decoding x.509 Certificates with time to certificate expiry

I’ve just published my X509Details PowerShell Module to the PowerShell Gallery. The x.509 Details PowerShell Module contains the Get-X509Details cmdlet that decodes a base64 encoded PEM/CER format x.509 Certificate and converts it to a PowerShell Object. But wait, there’s more. The reason I created the x.509 Details PowerShell Module is because through automation I need to know what is the ‘Expiry Date’ for a certificate. The returned PowerShell Object from my Get-X509Details cmdlet in the X509Details Module also includes the expiry date-time in PowerShell DateTime format as ‘timeToExpiry‘. The inspiration for this module is from my JWTDetails PowerShell Module that I wrote recently and use extensively. It includes ‘expiryDateTime’ and ‘timeToExpiry’ fields in PowerShell DateTime format.

This means you can call the Get-X509Details cmdlet with a series of certificates and quickly inspect the ‘timeToExpiry‘ field to determine whether its time for you to go and generate a new certificate.

Installing the X509Details PowerShell Module

I’ve published the module to the PowerShell Gallery. Therefore with PowerShell Desktop 5.1 and later  you can install direct from the PowerShell Gallery (in an Administrative PowerShell Session) using Install-Module.

Install-Module -name X509Details

Using Get-X509Details

Using Get-X509Details is super simple. Import the module and then pass it a base-64 encoded PEM/CER Certificate as per RFC 7468. The Get-X509Details cmdlet supports both the base-64 encoded certificate with and without the encapsulation boundaries (—–BEGIN CERTIFICATE—– and —–END CERTIFICATE—–) as described in RFC 4648.

Examples

Without encapsulation boundaries as a string.

Get-X509Details('MIIDtzCCAp+gAwIBAgIQZpJpy9zmR........URpc0T9DzsUUfoHfbQ==')

Using pipeline support as a string.

'MIIDtzCCAp+gAwIBAgIQZpJpy9zmR........URpc0T9DzsUUfoHfbQ==' | Get-X509Details

With encapsulation boundaries as a string.

Get-X509Details(@'
-----BEGIN CERTIFICATE-----
MIIDtzCCAp........URpc0T9DzsUUfoHfbQ==
-----END CERTIFICATE-----
'@)

X509Details output for an expired certificate

Summary

I wrote this for myself for a bunch of automation I needed to do for directories full of certificates. It is very simplistic, but does what I needed it to do as part of larger scripts. Publishing it for myself and making it available in case its of use to anyone else. Source is on Github here.